When arthritis or injury severely affects your knee, everyday tasks like walking or climbing stairs can become challenging. You may even experience discomfort while sitting or lying down.
If non-surgical treatments such as medications and walking aids no longer provide relief, total knee replacement surgery might be a suitable option to consider. Joint replacement surgery is a proven and safe procedure that effectively alleviates pain, corrects leg deformities, and enables you to resume your normal activities.
Knee replacement is a minimally-invasive surgery in which damaged parts of the knee joint are replaced with an artificial on
Result: pain is relieved and movement ability increases
Indicators that Knee Replacement Surgery May be Needed:
- Nonsurgical treatments are no longer effective: Initially, conservative measures like medications, injections, or physical therapy are commonly recommended for knee arthritis. However, if these methods no longer provide relief, it may indicate the need for knee replacement surgery.
- Impaired ability to perform normal activities or self-care: When knee pain becomes severe and starts interfering with daily life, even after trying other treatments, it may be a sign that knee replacement surgery is necessary.
- Persistent pain at rest and difficulty sleeping: If you experience significant pain while at rest that does not respond to other measures, it can be an indication that knee replacement surgery could be beneficial.
- Chronic knee swelling: Swelling that persists despite attempts at conservative treatments can be a sign that knee replacement surgery is warranted.
- Deformation of the knee joint: Advanced arthritis can cause deformities in the knee joint, leading to altered walking patterns and potential issues in other areas of the body. Additionally, loss of the ability to fully straighten the knee can be a sign that knee replacement surgery may be required.
Age considerations: Knee replacement surgery is commonly performed in older individuals, typically over the age of 60. This is because younger individuals with more active lifestyles may place additional stress on the artificial knee, potentially reducing its longevity. However, age alone does not exclude someone from being a candidate for knee replacement surgery, as it can be performed in individuals of all ages based on their specific circumstances. It is important to discuss with your doctor to determine if you are a suitable candidate for the procedure.
Which implants are the best?
Both the ball and the socket of the hip joint are replaced with an implant. Titanium metal has a long history of established effectiveness in hip replacement and continues to be preferred by many surgeons. Longevity of implants depends on many factors, such as types of activities and weight. Our partnering surgeons use only excellent biocompatibility titanium Zimmer Biomet and award winning ceramicised metal Smith & Nephew implants. They both are combination of rich clinical heritage with modern technological advancements. Each of these is designed to address the distinct needs of individual patients, while simplifying surgical workflow.
The Procedure of Knee Replacement Surgery:
- Anesthesia: You will be given anesthesia to ensure your comfort during the surgery. This can include general anesthesia to make you unconscious or regional anesthesia to numb the lower part of your body.
- Incision: A surgical incision is made over the knee joint, exposing the damaged joint surfaces.
- Reshaping of the joint: The damaged bone and cartilage surfaces of the thighbone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella) are carefully removed using specialized surgical instruments.
- Implant placement: The prepared bone surfaces are then replaced with artificial joint components, which typically consist of metal alloy for the femur and tibia and a plastic spacer for the kneecap. These components can be cemented or press-fit into the bone, depending on the specific case.
- Realignment and stability: The implanted components are positioned to restore proper alignment and stability of the knee joint. The surgeon will ensure the smooth movement and functionality of the joint before closing the incision.
- Closure: The incision is closed using sutures or staples, and a sterile dressing is applied to protect the wound.
After the Surgery:
- The wound should be re-dressed once or twice a week.
- After a period of 10-14 days, the sutures will be removed.
- It is typically possible to resume regular activities within three to four months.
- Your surgeon will provide you with specific postoperative care instructions tailored to the joint that was replaced during the surgery.
Our affiliated clinics provide a comprehensive range of medical services all under one roof! With both surgical and rehabilitation treatments available in the same clinic, we aim to offer convenience and continuity of care. Rehabilitation plays a crucial role in the recovery process following a hip replacement and should be given significant attention. It not only accelerates the healing process but can also significantly impact the overall success of the surgery, with potential improvements of up to 50%. Our dedicated team is fully prepared to support you in achieving pain-free mobility and helping you regain optimal function:
- More than 40 years of experience as a medical services provider;
- Comprehensive treatment at one of Lithuania’s leading private medical clinics;
- Individual post-op physiotherapy sessions and guidance from a dedicated physiotherapist on how to proceed so as not to injure yourself once you’re back to your daily activities;
- Individual rehabilitation plans tailored to each patient, depending on their well-being and comfort, which may include: cold and compression therapy, physiotherapy treatments (to reduce inflammation and strengthen muscles), physiotherapy sessions (to increase range of motion and restore joint function and mobility), therapeutic massage, etc. The aim of post-operative early rehabilitation is to train the patient to move with assistive devices, speed up the healing process and help restore joint function;
- Aquatic physiotherapy 2 weeks after surgery, when the joint has fully healed;
- Guidance on the use of aids for household/daily activities, available from our local shop;
- Option of consultation with the operating surgeon during the rehabilitation period;
- Caring staff members and friendly communication;
- Cozy and modern private wards with all amenities (TV, WI-FI, private bathroom, basic hygiene products);
- Delicious food with menu choices;
- All-inclusive rehabilitation packages, that can be reimbursed by your local health board (as well as the surgery itself).