Hip replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or worn-out hip joint is replaced with an artificial implant known as a prosthesis. This procedure is typically performed to alleviate pain and improve mobility in individuals with severe hip joint conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, or hip fractures.
Which implants are the best?
Both the ball and the socket of the hip joint are replaced with an implant. Titanium metal has a long history of established effectiveness in hip replacement and continues to be preferred by many surgeons. Longevity of implants depends on many factors, such as types of activities and weight. Our partnering surgeons use only excellent biocompatibility titanium Zimmer Biomet and award winning ceramicised metal Smith & Nephew implants. They both are combination of rich clinical heritage with modern technological advancements. Each of these is designed to address the distinct needs of individual patients, while simplifying surgical workflow.
Common Causes of Hip Pain
Arthritis is the primary cause of chronic hip pain and disability. The most common forms of arthritis that affect the hip are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and traumatic arthritis.
- Osteoarthritis: This type of arthritis is associated with age-related wear and tear on the hip joint. It typically occurs in individuals aged 50 years and older, particularly those with a family history of arthritis. Over time, the cartilage that cushions the hip joint wears away, resulting in bone-on-bone contact and causing pain and stiffness. Subtle irregularities in hip development during childhood can also contribute to the development or acceleration of osteoarthritis.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: This autoimmune disease leads to inflammation and thickening of the synovial membrane surrounding the hip joint. Chronic inflammation can damage the cartilage, resulting in pain and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis.
- Post-traumatic arthritis: Following a severe hip injury or fracture, post- traumatic arthritis may develop. Damage to the cartilage can lead to hip pain and stiffness over time.
- Osteonecrosis: An injury to the hip, such as dislocation or fracture, can disrupt the blood supply to the femoral head, causing osteonecrosis or avascular necrosis. The lack of blood flow can lead to the collapse of the bone surface, resulting in arthritis. Certain diseases can also cause osteonecrosis.
- Childhood hip disease: Some infants and children experience hip problems that are successfully treated during childhood. However, these early hip issues can still contribute to the development of arthritis later in life. Abnormal hip growth and joint surface damage are common factors in these cases.
It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment if you are experiencing hip pain.
The Procedure of Hip Replacement Surgery:
- Anesthesia: You will be given either general anesthesia to put you to sleep or regional anesthesia to numb the lower part of your body.
- Incision: A surgical incision is made over the hip joint to access the damaged joint.
- Removal of damaged joint: The damaged or diseased bone and cartilage of the hip joint are removed.
- Implant placement: The artificial hip joint components, including a socket in the pelvis and a stem with a ball at the top, are securely implanted into the prepared bone surfaces.
- Closure: The incision is closed using sutures or staples, and a sterile dressing is applied.
After the Surgery:
- The wound should be re-dressed once or twice a week.
- After a period of 10-14 days, the sutures will be removed.
- It is typically possible to resume regular activities within three to four months.
- Your surgeon will provide you with specific postoperative care instructions tailored to the joint that was replaced during the surgery.
Our affiliated clinics provide a comprehensive range of medical services all under one roof! With both surgical and rehabilitation treatments available in the same clinic, we aim to offer convenience and continuity of care. Rehabilitation plays a crucial role in the recovery process following a hip replacement and should be given significant attention. It not only accelerates the healing process but can also significantly impact the overall success of the surgery, with potential improvements of up to 50%. Our dedicated team is fully prepared to support you in achieving pain-free mobility and helping you regain optimal function:
- More than 40 years of experience as a medical services provider;
- Comprehensive treatment at one of Lithuania’s leading private medical clinics;
- Individual post-op physiotherapy sessions and guidance from a dedicated physiotherapist on how to proceed so as not to injure yourself once you’re back to your daily activities;
- Individual rehabilitation plans tailored to each patient, depending on their well-being and comfort, which may include: cold and compression therapy, physiotherapy treatments (to reduce inflammation and strengthen muscles), physiotherapy sessions (to increase range of motion and restore joint function and mobility), therapeutic massage, etc. The aim of post-operative early rehabilitation is to train the patient to move with assistive devices, speed up the healing process and help restore joint function;
- Aquatic physiotherapy 2 weeks after surgery, when the joint has fully healed;
- Guidance on the use of aids for household/daily activities, available from our local shop;
- Option of consultation with the operating surgeon during the rehabilitation period;
- Caring staff members and friendly communication;
- Cozy and modern private wards with all amenities (TV, WI-FI, private bathroom, basic hygiene products);
- Delicious food with menu choices;
All-inclusive rehabilitation packages, that can be reimbursed by your local health board (as well as the surgery itself).